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Theology

The Supremacy of Christ in Colossians 1-2

Colossians 3-4 is filled with practical exhortation for Christian living. But before Paul lists imperative after imperative, he sets forth the supremacy of Christ as the foundation for Christian experience. It’s beyond a doubt that the big theme of Colossians is “Jesus is Supreme.”

  • It is through Christ that believers have been delivered from the domain of darkness into God’s kingdom (1:13).
  • It is in Christ that believers have redemption and forgiveness (1:14).
  • Everything exists through Christ and for Christ (1:15-16).
  • Everything is held together by Christ (1:17).
  • The church exists because of Christ’s resurrection from the dead and the entire cosmos will be reconciled to Christ (1:18-20).
  • In Christ the fullness of God’s presence dwells (1:19; 2:9).
  • Personal and corporate reconciliation to God only comes through Christ (1:21-23).
  • The glory of the mystery of God’s inclusion of the Gentiles in his redemption is Christ, the hope of glory (1:27).
  • Christ is the subject of Christian proclamation and instruction (1:28).
  • Christ himself is actually the substance of God’s mystery (2:2), and in Christ are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge (2:3).
  • It is by faith in Christ that believers are to walk and be built up and established (2:6-7).
  • Believers are filled in Christ (2:10).
  • Christ is the head of all rule and authority (2:10).
  • In Christ believers are spiritually circumcised (2:11).
  • As evidence of this spiritual circumcision, believers are baptized and raised in Christ through faith by God’s power (2:12).
  • In Christ believers are made alive (2:13).
  • In Christ God has triumphed over and crushed and put to shame his enemies (2:15).
  • Christ is the substance of all Old Testament shadows (2:16-17).
  • Christ is the head of the body, and the body grows only through its union to him (2:19).
  • Believers have died with Christ to rules and traditions influenced by demonic and pagan forces and man-made religion (2:20-23).

Christ is supreme, indeed.